Bringing up a puppy is a commitment much like bringing up an infant. Except you could say, an infant eventually matures and takes care of itself.
I do not mean to frighten you but to place things into perspective your puppy depends on you from the time you bring him home. He will need you to feed him, groom him, play with him, and love him. You will be responsible for your puppy’s health and well being during his lifetime. You have to ensure he feels and looks well, and be sure you know when things are not right.
Your puppy’s healthcare involves such things as taking him for his regular veterinary examinations, provide him worming tablets, anti-flea pills, vaccinations as necessary and ensure he is kept clean, warm and safe.
Although this may seem common sense you would be astonished how many individuals are unaware of the necessities and responsibilities. Be pro-active and help prevent health complications and illnesses and follow these best practices:
Dogs aren’t picky eaters, however, that doesn’t imply that you are at liberty to feed them anything you like. You need to remember that they are biologically different than humans and should you decide to feed them table scraps, your dog could develop intestinal organisms.
Dogs also respond differently to certain foods. For example, should you mistakenly feed your puppy chocolate, Theo Bromine, the chemical found in chocolate is toxic for dogs and could cause death.
Another mistake pet owners often make is allowing for an “open bowl” environment. Unless you are providing portion control, your dog will likely overeat. Chubby and plump dogs can be are adorable but I am sure that a consciences dog owner would not compromise their dog’s health for pure aesthetic reasons. Overweight dogs are susceptible to joint pain, diabetes and numerous other ailments.
Dogs usually do not know when to stop eating and are unable to tolerate large amounts of food. It is recommended that you provide your dog 2 – 3 small meals per day of premium dog food to stabilize blood sugars and reduce the risk of gastric torsion.
When you initially bring your puppy to the veterinary you will be informed of the various vaccines available and a specific timeline for inoculation. Some vaccinations are necessary whereas some will be your decision entirely. Be certain you request your veterinarian’s advice and expertise on vaccinations so you can thoroughly meet your puppy’s healthcare needs.
Warning: Be aware of the risk of an allergic reaction to vaccinations. If your dog has difficulty breathing or becomes sluggish or develops hives, immediately take him to the vet!
An important part of your puppy’s health is maintaining his fur, teeth, ears and nails, which are all essential to your puppy’s health and well being.
Coat – If your dog as a medium length coat brush it every day to prevent hair tangling and matting. For short coats, once every 3-4 days is going to do.
Ears – Clean his ears with moist cotton balls two times per month a minimum of. Should you don’t clean your dog’s ears, it can lead to an ear infection. It isn’t enjoyable for the pooch, and do it yourself to consider him towards the vet.
Teeth – Dogs don’t require their teeth cleaned daily but they should be brushed about two times per week. Like people, your dog can develop tooth decay if brushing is not performed regularly. If you have difficulty cleaning your dog’s teeth there are businesses that specialize cleaning pet teeth without anaesthesia.
Don’t allow your pet’s nails to grow too long as they can break easily and can also cause him discomfort and difficulty walking.
4. Spade and Neutering:
If you don’t intend to breed your dog, it’s highly recommended you spay or neuter your puppy the moment it’s ready (generally around 6 months). It is difficult to keep an eye on your pet 24/7 so as a responsible dog owner, be pro-active and prevent adding to the growing dog population. Not only will spaying and neutering prevent unwanted pregnancy but it also decreases aggression, decreases urine marking, decreases sexual behaviours, and decreases the risk of mammary and prostate cancer in dogs.
5. Know Your Dog
You should become familiar with your puppy’s usual disposition. This is important because you’ll have the ability to place if something’s wrong very early and the earlier you tackle any adverse health problem, the greater chance you’ve of treating it and saving yourself as well as your beloved pooch.
If you have a puppy or a small breed dog beware of the hidden dangers that lurk. Small dogs left outside without cover can easily become prey to eagles, hawks, owls and ravens. These birds are very opportunistic and in a split second can take your dog for the next meal.
Although things are going well, reality sometimes hits us unexpectedly and that’s why I many dog owners purchase at least the most basic of pet insurances for their dog. Ensure it covers the things you feel you won’t be able to afford in an emergency, the rest you can pay for as you need, this way insurance doesn’t have to be expensive.
Remember, a healthy dog makes for a happy dog.